NDRC and MoHURD made the announcement last week (2 August) to choose around 30 cities in the country as pilots to build climate resilient cities with the aim of tackling increasing challenges of climate change on Chinese cities.
Climate change has been threatening the normal functioning of the urban lifeline, the liveability, eco security and people’s livelihood in Chinese cities and towns as shown by recent experience, and more generally, is also affecting urban planning, construction and sustainable economic and social development. The latest government document mentioned three kinds of climate change challenges:
· Long-term challenges including floods & draughts and shortage of water, the rise of sea level, hot island effect.
· Contingency response challenges to various extreme weather and climate conditions.
· Heightened climate change risks due to improper urban planning, construction and governance.
Around 30 representative cities nationwide will be chosen for piloting according to different climate risks faced, city functions and city sizes. The pilot programme will carry out climate change impact and vulnerability assessments, draft action plans and follow up with climate change adaptive actions and capability building.
By 2020, the pilot cities will incorporate climate change adaptation into their overall economic and social development planning, urban planning and industrial development planning, building standards with marked ecological, social and economic benefits.