According to a research by the China Centre for Urban Development of the National Development and Reform Commission, the development of urbanisation faces many problems, including overexpansion, homogenization and over-reliance on real estate development.
In many areas new towns and new districts have launched too many real estate development projects that have failed to attract people, resulting in many ‘ghost towns’ with few residents. This has become a noteworthy phenomenon of new town planning.
Thus one of the major tasks of some small and medium-sized cities, especially in the western region, is to implement policies that attract the rural population to new urban areas and keep them there.
Many small and medium-sized cities face difficulties in preventing a subsequent outflow as the newly urbanised residents choose to seek work in bigger cities due to the better job opportunities and living conditions they offer.
The new town bubble should prompt local authorities to adjust their urban planning policies.